World Malaria Day

World Malaria Day (25th April): Detail

Current Affairs & Static GK

Malaria is a serious, life-threatening, and sometimes fatal, disease spread by mosquitoes and is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. This parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. According to WHO, in 2018, there were an estimated 228 million cases of malaria worldwide, and out of these estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 4,05,000. Every year on the 25th of April, to highlight the need for the prevention, control, and elimination of this disease, World Malaria Day is observed. This day highlights the continuing great achievements in the fight against malaria. It also reminds the need to provide education to the people for a better understanding of disease malaria and how to cure it.

World Malaria Day: History

World Malaria Day was established in May 2007 at the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, WHO’s decision-making body. World Malaria Day was established with a motive to provide education and understanding of malaria to everyone and also spread the information on “year-long intensified implementation of national malaria-control strategies. Before the establishment of World Malaria Day, Africa Malaria Day was to be held on April 25 to spread awareness about Malaria in Africa. Africa Malaria Day started in 2001.

World Malaria Day: Treatment and Prevention

Antimalarial medications have been available for years to treat those infected with the disease. Traditionally, those with malaria who are properly treated can expect a full recovery. Over time, the antimalarial drugs have become lesser and less effective as the parasites of malaria have developed resistance against the medications. WHO has recommended protection for all the people at risk of malaria with effective malaria vector control. Two forms of vector control: insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor residual spraying are effective in a wide range of circumstances.

World Malaria Day: Facts

  • Malaria is curable and preventable. Recently, Sri Lanka, Morocco, and the United Arab Emirates are among the countries that have eliminated it. Despite this, every year more than 200 million new cases of malaria are reported.
  • Approximately 70% of the world’s malaria burden is concentrated in 11 countries. Ten of these countries are on the African continent, the other being India. In the year 2017, Africa was home to 92% of malaria cases and 93% of malaria deaths.
  • Malaria is an acute febrile illness. Its symptoms usually appear 10-15 days after the bite of an infected mosquito. At the starting stage, its symptoms are fever, headache, and chilling effect.

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