Quit India Movement Day

Quit India Movement Day (8th August): Detail

Current Affairs & Static GK

The Quit India Movement, also known as the India August Movement or Bharat Chodo Andolan was launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) by Mahatma Gandhi on August 8, 1942. It is also known as August Kranti or August Movement. The protest was initiated to demand an end to the British Raj rule in India.

Quit India Movement Day: The Call For ‘Do or Die 

On 8th August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi delivered his speech to the nation marking the beginning of the Quit India Movement in Mumbai’s Gowalia Tank Maidan also known as August Kranti Maidan. The maidan also has a monument as a tribute to the historical event. Mahatma Gandhi called people to ‘Do or Die’ for the nation in his speech. It meant that we would either free India from the Britishers or die while protecting the nation as we shall not witness British slavery any further.

On August 9, 1942, the movement began, since then, 8th August is celebrated as August Kranti Day/Diwas every year.

Causes behind the Movement

  • Indian nationalists were angry that the British Governor-General of India, Lord Linlithgow, brought India into World War II without consultation with them.
  • British sent Cripps Mission to get the cooperation of nationalists which failed and the congress rejected the Cripps plan.
  • No self-rule was given by the Britishers to India and hence, it led to the Quit India movement.

Events occurred during the Quit India movement

  • Congress politicians including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Vallabhbhai Patel were arrested by the British Government.
  • The Britishers had the support of the Viceroy’s Council (which had a majority of Indians), the All India Muslim League, the princely states, the Indian Imperial Police, the British Indian Army, and the Indian Civil Service.
  • The only outside support came from the Americans, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressured Prime Minister Winston Churchill to give in to some of the Indian demands.
  • The Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha opposed the Quit India Movement.
  • Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) refused to join the Quit India Movement.
  • Congress members heeding Gandhi’s call resigned from provincial legislatures.

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