On 17 July 1998, 120 States put into use law in Rome- known as the Rome Law of the International Criminal Court- beginning and building on the International Criminal Court. For the first time in the history of humankind, the state decides to accept the legal control of a permanent international criminal court for the prosecution of the criminals of the most serious crime committed in their land areas owned or controlled by someone or by their nationals. After the entry into force of the Roman law on 1 July 2002, The International Criminal Court is not a substitute for national courts.
According to the Rome Law, every state must exercise its criminal legal control over those responsible for international crime. The international criminal court can only get involved where a stare is unable or unwilling honestly to carry out the act of asking questions and trying to find the truth about something and start a trial in court against someone the criminals.
The first or most important mission of The International Criminal Court is to help put end to freedom from punishment or the criminals of the most serious crime concern to the international community as a whole, and so to add to the prevention of such crime.
A well public can add to promising that something will happen or that something will work as described lasting respect for and the enforcement of international justice. The purpose of this booklet is to help increase a better understanding of the International Criminal Court by providing answers to the most common questions about the Court.
How many countries have approved the Rome Law?
Over 120 countries are states parties to the Rome Law, representing all areas: Africa, the Asia Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean, as well as Western and Northern America.
Where is the seat of the court?
The seat of the court is in The Hague in the Netherland. The Rome Law provides that the Court may sit in other places where the judges think about it desirable. The court has also set up offices in the areas where it is managing and doing.
How is the Court funded?
The court gets money from the States Parties and by the government, international organizations, peoples, corporations, and other businesses.
This blog is written by Abhay Srivastava, K.R. Mangalam University.
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