What is LLM?
LLM is a postgraduate degree in law. Master of Law or LLM course offered at Indian colleges/ universities is of two years duration. The course curriculum of the LLM degree is structured in such a way that the law course is divided into four semesters. In Master of Law, course aspirants gain in-depth knowledge of a specific field of law by intensive research in that particular area of Law.
In the LLM course, candidates need to select the law specialisation in which they want to make their future. Thus, candidates can pursue their LLM degree in specialisations such as – Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Family law, Corporate law, IPR, etc.
LLM Eligibility Criteria
Candidates are eligible to apply for admission in an LLM course if they have completed their graduation in law, that is, if the aspirant has secured his/ her LLB/ Bachelor of Law/ Five Year Integrated LLM course from a recognised university/ college.
- Apart from this, some colleges also fix a minimum percentage requirement for the LLM course offered by them.
- As part of the eligibility criteria shared by such colleges, candidates need secure at least 55% aggregate marks at the graduation level in order to be eligible to secure admission in LLM course offered by them.
Top LLM Entrance Exams
Candidates who want to pursue the LLM course have to appear for the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) or the admission test accepted by the law schools. Below are some popular LLM entrance exams in India for admission to this course:
LLM Subjects and Syllabus
The syllabus taught as part of an LLM course varies from college to college. Some common topics that are taught in an LLM course are listed below:
|LLM (Business Law)||Law and Social Transformation in IndiaIndian Constitutional Law: The New ChallengesJudicial ProcessLegal Education and Research MethodologyLaw of Industrial and Intellectual PropertyEnvironmental LawInternational Trade LawBusiness LawInsurance LawLegal Regulation of Economic EnterprisesLaw Relating to Regulatory AuthoritiesCommercial ArbitrationAlternate Dispute Resolution & Securities Law|
|LLM (Constitutional Law)||Law and Social Transformation in IndiaConstitutionalism: Pluralism & FederalismIndian Constitutional Law- The New ChallengesNational Security, Public Order and Rule of LawJudicial ProcessMass Media LawResearch MethodologyHuman RightsDissertationAdministrative LawAdministrative Process and Judicial Control|
|LLM (Criminal Law)||Theories of LawResearch MethodologyBanking LawCorporate JurisprudenceLegal ConceptsLegislative ProcessCorporate LawLife and Fire InsuranceJudicial ProcessLaw of Intellectual PropertyCompetition LawConsumer Law|
|LLM (Family Law)||Family Law I – System Scope Sources and SchoolsFamily Law II – Marriage and Matrimonial RemediesComparative Public LawLaw and Justice in Globalizing WorldLegal English and Research MethodologyForeign Business LanguageFamily Law III – Nuclear and Extended Family Rights Family Law IV – Penal Laws on Family AffairsFamily Law V – Family Property and SuccessionFamily Law VI – Family Disputes ResolutionForeign Business Language|
|LLM (Human Rights)||Concept & Classification of RightsConcept of Human RightsConcept of Human DutiesDialectics of Human RightsEmerging Concept of Human RightsHuman Duties, Responsibilities & its EffectuationInternational ObligationHuman Rights & Criminal JusticeJurisprudence & Human Rights: Lego Philosophical perspectivesConstitutional Governance of Human Rights in IndiaRefugee LawHuman Rights and International & Regional Perspectives: Implementation MechanismInternational Humanitarian LawPeople’s Rights to Self-determinationDissertation Research|
|LLM International Trade Law||Introduction International Trade LawLaw and Practice in International Banking and Commercial PaymentsWorld Trade LawMarine InsuranceCharter Parties: Law and Practicee-CommerceInternational Litigation and Arbitration|
Career Opportunities for LLM graduates-
After pursuing an LLM course, candidates can opt for further studies wherein they pursue either MPhil or PhD in Law. However, if candidates want to pursue a career in the field of law then he/ she can go through the below-mentioned job profiles. Aspirants are informed that in order to practice law in India they need to clear the All India Bar Exam (AIBE).
Advocate: In such a job profile one needs to do a lot of research work to gather factual data as well as physical evidence to support their claim. Apart from this, other responsibilities allocated to advocates include scrutinising and drafting contracts.
Solicitor: In such a job profile an individual usually specialises in a specific area of law like tax, litigation, family or property. Solicitors offer legal advice to private as well as commercial clients.
Judge: In such a job profile one has to ensure that justice is administered and legal rights of all the involved parties are safeguarded. A judge presides over trials/ hearings wherein they listen to the case presented by lawyers.
Legal Advisor: Candidates opting to work in such a job profile are also lawyers who specialise in a specific field of law. Legal advisors are usually hired by governments as well as large organisations/ companies. The main task of a legal advisor is to protect their clients from any legal implication or consequence.
Notary Public: Individuals are hired in such a job profile by the central government for the whole or specific part of the country. Any person who has been practicing law (as a lawyer) for a minimum ten years is eligible to apply for a notary post. The tasks performed by a Notary are as follows:
- To verify, authenticate, certify or attest the execution of any instrument.
- To translate and verify the translation, of any document from one language into another.
- To administer an oath to or take an affidavit from any person.
- To act as commissioner, to record evidence in any civil or criminal trial if so directed by the court or authority.
- To act as arbitrator, mediator, or conciliator if so required.
Oath Commissioners: In such a job profile one is authorised to verify affidavits. An Oath Commissioner is appointed by the Chief Justice and is usually a solicitor. But this is not always the case. The tasks performed by an Oath Commissioner are as follows:
- Ensuring the evidence is in written form (the draft affidavit).
- Enquire that the person before him/ her has read the draft affidavit and fully understands the contents.
- Make a person swear that the affidavit is true by raising the appropriate Testament in the right hand and repeating the words of the oath.
- Verify that the affidavit was properly sworn by completing a “jurat” on the affidavit.
The top legal firms that are known to hire law graduates (LLB/ LLM) are listed below:
- Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co.
- AZB & Partners
- Khaitan & CO
- J Sagar Associates
- Luthra & Luthra Law Offices
- S&R Associates
- Economic Laws Practice
- Desai & Diwanji
- Talwar Thakore & Associates
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