Euthanasia in India

Constitution of India Criminal Law Indian Penal Code LAW EXPLAINED
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Euthanasia or commonly known as Mercy Killing, refers to (in a carefully planned way) ending someone’s life, usually to relieve suffering. Doctors sometimes (do/complete) mercy killing when people who have a terminal illness and are in a lot of pain request it.

It is a complex process and involves weighing many factors. Local Laws, someone’s physical and mental health, and their personal beliefs and wishes all play a role.

Assisted Suicide Vs Euthanasia

Assisted Suicide in laymen language known as Helped Suicide, it is something called doctor-helped suicide (PAS). PAS means a doctor (in a way that hints or shows that something is known) helps someone end his or her life. The person is likely experiencing (constant/not going away) and (lasting forever) suffering. They may have also received a terminally ill (identification of a disease or problem, or its cause). Their doctor will decide/figure out the most effective, painless method.

In many trusted source cases, doctors will provide people with a drug they can take to end their life. A deadly dose of painkiller drugs, for example, maybe prescribed for this. In the end, it is up to the person to decide whether to take the drug.

With euthanasia, a doctor is allowed to end the person’s life by painless means. For example, an injection of a deadly drug may be used.

Active vs. Passive

When most people think of Euthanasia, they think of a doctor ending someone’s life. This is known as active Euthanasia. Purposely giving someone a deadly dose of a drug (that clams or cause sleep) is carefully thought about/believed active euthanasia.

Passive Euthanasia is something described as withholding of limiting life-sustaining treatments so that a person passes more quickly. A doctor may also prescribe a more and more high dose of painkiller medicine. Over time, the doses may become poisonous.

This makes the difference between passive euthanasia and pain-relieving care blurry. Pain-relieving care focuses on keeping people as comfortable as possible at the end of their life.

For example, a pain-relieving care doctor might allow someone approaching death to stop taking a medicine that causes an unpleasant side effect. In order cases, they might allow someone to take a much higher dose of pain medicine to treat extreme pain. This is often a standard part of good pain-relieving care. May do not think about/believe it a mercy killing.

Voluntary vs. Non-voluntary

If someone makes a (serious and well-thought-out decision) to ask for help with ending their life, it has thought about/believed (something you choose to do but is not required) euthanasia. The person must give their full permission and (show or prove) that they fully understand what will happen.

Non-voluntary Euthanasia involves someone else making the decision to end someone’s life. A close family member usually makes the decision. This is generally done when someone is unconscious or permanently knock out disable. Is usually involves (allowing something to happen without reacting or trying to stop it) euthanasia, such as withdrawing life support from someone who is showing no signs of brain activity.

Legality of Euthanasia

People have discussed back and forth over the (related to the rule and beliefs of doing the right things) and lawfulness of mercy killing and PAS for centuries. Today, the law about mercy killing and PAS are different across states and countries.


“Death with self-respect/built-in worth” is a movement that encourages governments to allow people to decide how they want to die. Some people simply do not want to go through a long drying process, often out of concern about the heavy loads it puts on their loved ones.

This blog is written by Abhay Srivastava, K.R. Mangalam University.

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